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Answering Islamophobic Claims

Are 2 Females Worth 1 Man According To Islam?



According to the critics of Islam, the following verse from the Quran implies that 2 females are worth one man, and that this a great proof of how Islam supposedly looks down on women:

O ye who believe! When ye deal with each other, in transactions involving future obligations in a fixed period of time, reduce them to writing Let a scribe write down faithfully as between the parties: let not the scribe refuse to write: as Allah Has taught him, so let him write. Let him who incurs the liability dictate, but let him fear His Lord Allah, and not diminish aught of what he owes. If they party liable is mentally deficient, or weak, or unable Himself to dictate, Let his guardian dictate faithfully, and get two witnesses, out of your own men, and if there are not two men, then a man and two women, such as ye choose, for witnesses, so that if one of them errs, the other can remind her. (2:255)

So their claim is that since above passage commands the Muslims to get one male witness, and TWO female witnesses, this means that a female is worth half a man.

To begin with, nowhere in the above verse does it say you should get two female witnesses because a female is worth half a man, or that two females equal the worth of one man. You can go and read it back again, and you will not find the verse saying any such thing. Interestingly enough the passage does give us the reason as to why it stipulated such a ruling, and the reason is as follows:

and if there are not two men, then a man and two women, such as ye choose, for witnesses, so that if one of them errs, the other can remind her.

So the reason for having two female witnesses is incase one of them makes a mistake! So if one commits an error or forgets something, the other female can simply help her out, hence this ruling is simply a means of convenience and help for the lady. If the main female witness does not commit any mistakes or errors, then the second female will not be needed, and the witness of the main female will be good enough, essentially the other female is just there to help her out incase of a mistake.

Secondly, there is a context to this verse, as we read from the start of the passage, this is referring to contractual dealings, so if you are going to write out a contract concerning debts, then you must do it according to the following procedure. At the time of revelation, women were not really experts or that knowledgeable in the field of business contracts etc, it was not their area of expertise, and this is precisely why the Quran allocated them more help.

Thirdly, if none of this satisfies the critic, then let us completely refute the argument that two females equal the worth of one man. According to the Quran, if a husband accuses his wife of adultery, and he has no witnesses, then he himself counts as the four witnesses, and he must make a fifth oath in which he invokes the curse of God upon himself if he is lying. Likewise, the wife can claim her innocence by testifying four times that she is free of his claim, and then she makes a fifth oath invoking the curse of God if she is lying. So her testimony alone is enough to throw his accusation out, as well as being enough to absolve her of the accusations against her, and to prove her innocence. Her own testimony trumps that of the male husband! Her own testimony holds more importance and weight than his, because the entire case depends on her testimony, if she declares herself free of the accusation, then there is no case.

The Quran makes this very clear:

As for those who accuse their wives but have no witnesses except themselves; let the testimony of one of them be four testimonies, (swearing) by Allah that he is of those who speak the truth; And the fifth (oath) (should be) that they solemnly invoke the curse of Allah on themselves if they tell a lie. But it would avert the punishment from the wife, if she bears witness four times (with an oath) By Allah, that (her husband) is telling a lie; And the fifth (oath) should be that she solemnly invokes the wrath of Allah on herself if (her accuser) is telling the truth. (24:6-9)

So the above passage completely refutes the argument, if the testimony and worth of a female was half of that to a man, then the accusation of the husband would be enough to pronounce her guilt, even if she rejected the accusation, yet we find that her testimony ALONE is enough to absolve her of any accusation and that this is enough to throw his own claim out the window.

So in conclusion, the Quran never calls a female as being worth half a man, or that 2 females equal 1 man, no such passage exists. 

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