Site Meter

Contact Us

For enquiries, questions, or anything else, please contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Newsletter Subscription

Answering Islamophobic Claims

The satanic verses

Share

 

An incident that’s often raised to cast doubts on the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is an incident known as the satanic verses.

To begin with, it’s been shown that the narratives about this incident are unreliable, weak, and to be rejected:

http://islamqa.info/en/4135

http://call-to-monotheism.com/prophet_muhammad__peace_be_upon_him__and_the_satanic_verses

Some will argue that Muslims purposely classified the reports about the satanic verses as unreliable to simply try and get rid of a problem. If this were the case, then why hasn’t Islamic scholarship disregarded several other narrations that have been used to argue against Islam. Such notable hadiths include the Prophet Muhammad’s (pbuh) marriage to Aisha, hadiths that speak of Muslims being allowed to sleep with their right hand captives, and others. If Muslims were simply in the game of classifying any hadith that seems problematic as being unreliable and weak, then they would be consistent and broadly apply this method, yet that’s not what we find.

Now according to the incident known as the ‘satanic verses’, the following took place:

Ibn Humayd – Salamah – Muhammad b. Ishaq – Yazid b. Ziyad al-Madani – Muhammad b. Ka’b al-Qurazi: When the Messenger of God saw how his tribe turned their backs on him and was grieved to see them shunning the message he had brought to them from God, he longed in his soul that something would come to him from God which would reconcile him with his tribe. With his love for his tribe and his eagerness for their welfare it would have delighted him if some of the difficulties which they made for him could have been smoothed out, and he debated with himself and fervently desired such an outcome. Then God revealed:

By the Star when it sets, your comrade does not err, nor is he deceived; nor does he speak out of (his own) desire …

and when he came to the words:

Have you thought upon al-Lat and al-Uzza and Manat, the third, the other?

Satan cast on his tongue, because of his inner debates and what he desired to bring to his people, the words:

These are the high-flying cranes; verily their intercession is accepted with approval.

When the Quraysh heard this, they rejoiced and were happy and delighted at the way in which he spoke of their gods, and they listened to him, while the Muslims, having complete trust in their Prophet in respect of the messages which he brought from God, did not suspect him of error, illusion, or mistake. When he came to the prostration, having completed the surah, he prostrated himself and the Muslims did likewise, following their Prophet, trusting in the message which he had brought and following his example….The Quraysh left delighted by the mention of their gods which they had heard, saying, ‘Muhammad has mentioned our gods in the most favorable way possible, stating in his recitation that they are the high-flying cranes and that their intercession is received with approval.’

For the sake of argument, let us assume that the above happened, because even if we were to accept this incident as authentic, it would still not pose any problem.

Now obviously for the critic with an agenda, primarily missionaries who seek to try and cloud the faith of Muslims, they will use this to try and attack the credibility of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). If we however, read the entire account of what took place, one will find that this incident actually affirms the 1) reliability and the 2) truth of Muhammad (pbuh) as a prophet. Reading further regarding this incident:

Then Gabriel came to the Messenger of God and said, ‘Muhammad, what have you done? You have recited to the people that which I did not bring to you from God, and you have said that which was not said to you.’ Then the Messenger of God was much grieved and feared God greatly, but God sent down a revelation to him, for He was merciful to him, consoling him and making the matter light for him, informing him that there had never been a prophet or a messenger before him who desired as he desired and wished as he wished but that Satan had cast words into his recitation, as he had cast words on Muhammad’s tongue. Then God cancelled what Satan had thus cast, and established his verses by telling him that he was like other prophets and messengers, and revealed:

Never did we send a messenger or a prophet before you but that when he recited (the Message) Satan cast words into his recitation (umniyyah). God abrogates what Satan casts. Then God established his verses. God is knower, wise.

Thus God removed the sorrow from his Messenger, reassured him about that which he had feared and cancelled the words which Satan had cast on his tongue

So several things to note:

1-The angel Gabriel came to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) after what had happened, and had informed the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) that he had recited something that the angel Gabriel had not brought to him. The Quran was brought down to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) by the angel Gabriel, who would recite the verses to the prophet, after which the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) would recite them as well, until he had memorized it and relayed it to the Muslim community. So the angel Gabriel in this case was telling the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) that he had recited/uttered something as part of the Quran, which in fact was not part of the Quran or given by Gabriel. This actually proves how reliable the Quran is, because it shows that if by some chance something was recited as part of the Quran, when in fact it was not part of the Quran, it would immediately be rectified.

2-The verses which were never originally part of the Quran were immediately cancelled, and the verse went on to state that the idols were not worthy of intercession, and that there was no truth in them. Thus again we can see the reliability of the Quran, because should anything false manage to enter it, God will immediately blot it out.

3-The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was very sorrowful and remorseful over what happened, but he was comforted by God himself, who informed the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) that what had happened to him, had happened to other prophets before him. If Muhammad (pbuh) was a false prophet whom we should be doubting, then we wouldn’t expect God to be comforting him, nor would we be expecting the angel Gabriel coming down to correct what had happened.

4-What had happened was a scheme against the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) by Satan, and this is nothing new, because Satan always schemes and plans against the truth, trying to swerve the path of truth. So rather than trying to use this as a case against the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), it should be looked at as a case of Satan trying to work against the truth.

So putting all of this together, this incident shows both the reliability, and the truthfulness of the prophethood of Muhammad (pbuh).

But let us turn the tables here to highlight the major inconsistency of Christian missionaries, as we said in point 4, Satan is often known to scheme and work against the truth and the bringers of truth. We need not look further than the Bible to see this, such as regarding the Prophet Job (pbuh) was greatly affected by Satan, as we read:

There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil. And there were born unto him seven sons and three daughters. His substance also was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she asses, and a very great household; so that this man was the greatest of all the men of the east. And his sons went and feasted in their houses, every one his day; and sent and called for their three sisters to eat and to drink with them. And it was so, when the days of their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings according to the number of them all: for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually. Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them. And the LORD said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it. And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, Doth Job fear God for nought? Hast not thou made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every side? thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land. But put forth thine hand now, and touch all that he hath, and he will curse thee to thy face. And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of the LORD. And there was a day when his sons and his daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother's house: And there came a messenger unto Job, and said, The oxen were plowing, and the asses feeding beside them: And the Sabeans fell upon them, and took them away; yea, they have slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The fire of God is fallen from heaven, and hath burned up the sheep, and the servants, and consumed them; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The Chaldeans made out three bands, and fell upon the camels, and have carried them away, yea, and slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, Thy sons and thy daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother's house: And, behold, there came a great wind from the wilderness, and smote the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young men, and they are dead; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground, and worshipped, And said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: the LORD gave, and the LORD hath taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD. In all this Job sinned not, nor charged God foolishly. (Book of Job chapter 1)

So as we read, the Prophet Job (pbuh) is a great believer in God, and that there is no one else like him in the land in terms of his faith and worship of God.

God even tells Satan about how great Job is which leads Satan to his challenging of God, Satan alleges that the only reason why Job is such a great believer is because God has blessed him, and that if Job was afflicted with harm he would renegade against God. So God takes Satan on his challenge and puts all of Job’s possessions and family in the hands and power of Satan. Let’s repeat that, God places Job, his well being, his family, and livelihood in the power of Satan.

Satan eventually causes havoc, destroying many of Job's farmlands, and even killing his family members. So as you can see Job was greatly affected by the evil forces, he lost everything, and that was the point of it all. God was testing his Job, just like God was testing the Prophet Muhammad and using him as an example for us to follow in times of hardship.

Job Chapter 2 goes on to explain what Satan continues to do against Job:

Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD. And the LORD said unto Satan, From whence comest thou? And Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it. And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? and still he holdeth fast his integrity, although thou movedst me against him, to destroy him without cause. And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life. But put forth thine hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse thee to thy face. And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, he is in thine hand; but save his life. So went Satan forth from the presence of the LORD, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot unto his crown. And he took him a potsherd to scrape himself withal; and he sat down among the ashes. Then said his wife unto him, Dost thou still retain thine integrity? curse God, and die. But he said unto her, Thou speakest as one of the foolish women speaketh. What? shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil? In all this did not Job sin with his lips. Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him. And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew him not, they lifted up their voice, and wept; and they rent every one his mantle, and sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven. So they sat down with him upon the ground seven days and seven nights, and none spake a word unto him: for they saw that his grief was very great.

Now we highly doubt that any missionary reading these stories will try to cast doubt on Job, but strangely when it comes to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) being affected by the schemes of Satan (which God works against by helping the Prophet Muhammad), it’s suddenly the end of the world and Muslims need to reexamine their faith and trust in the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

In conclusion, the ‘satanic verses’ bring no real problems on the reliability of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his conveying of the Quran, the incident only serves to highlight his reliability, and protection under God.

Who's Online

We have 98 guests and no members online

Visitors Counter

4672422
Today
Yesterday
All days
1625
2838
4672422

Server Time: 2017-11-18 10:23:59