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Does Psalm 110:1 call the Messiah God?

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A Common passage that is often cited by Christian missionaries to try and prove the divinity of Jesus is that of Psalms 110:1. Missionaries contend that this verse clearly proves that Jesus is God due to the fact that David calls the Messiah his lord.

This is what the passage says:

The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

So after reading this the Christian missionary says that this is the proof that Jesus the Messiah is God, since David calls him his lord. Missionaries also contend that this verse proves the Trinity as well, since the verse says “and the Lord said to my lord”, basically we have Jehovah, as well as the Messiah.

Contrary to the missionary claim, the Psalm 110:1 is a great refutation against the argument of the Messiah being God.

As we all know the Jewish Bible was written in Hebrew, and was orally transmitted in the Hebrew language. Therefore we must go to the Hebrew language and look at these passages in their original language, to get a fuller understanding of what’s being said. This becomes even more important to do when one realizes that Trinitarians have often mistranslated the Jewish Bible for their own purposes, to make it say something it doesn’t say, or to sometimes capitalize the first letter of a word to give that word a different meaning, so instead of lord, you get Lord, or instead of god, you get God.

Now when one goes and reads the Hebrew, one will find that the word which has been translated as ‘Lord’ is ‘adoni’ in the Hebrew.

So in Hebrew, the verse would read like this:

The LORD (Jehovah) said unto my Lord (ADONI), Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

The first thing that everyone should notice are the clear distinctions, the verse says that Jehovah said to my adoni (lord). If David really believed that the Messiah was God then he could've made it even more clear by saying "and Jehovah said unto my Jehovah". If the Messiah was Jehovah, then the Messiah would have been called Jehovah, yet a distinction is made between Jehovah, and the Messiah, called adoni.

Now comes the major problem for the missionary, and basically the refutation to their argument. The word adoni in the Hebrew Bible is never used in reference to God; rather the word adoni is always used when referring to men. More specifically, adoni is always used when referring to leaders and judges amongst the men.

Just to clear up some possible confusion, in the Hebrew language there is the word adoni, which is what we have here, and the word adonai. Yet these are two different words, in the Hebrew Bible the word adonai is sometimes used when referring to God, which makes us ask why wouldn't David say adonai rather than adoni? Yet even if David called the Messiah adonai it wouldn't make the Messiah God because the word adonai is also used for men as well.

The fact that David calls the Messiah adoni is a clear indication that David did not believe that the Messiah was God, as the word Adoni is never used for God, but rather for human leaders and judges. So David did not believe that the Messiah was God, rather he believed that the Messiah was a leader, a righteous servant and prophet of God.

So to summarize what we have:

-David calls the Messiah adoni

-The Hebrew word Adoni is never used when referring to God

-The Hebrew word adoni is always used when referring to men

Now another point we have to make is that if this verse clearly calls the Messiah God, with a capital G, the almighty and powerful God, why is that no Jewish community ever believed that the Messiah was going to be God? Why is that everytime anyone does any research on the Jewish belief concerning the Messiah, we find that they believed the Messiah to be a human, not a divinity?

Not only that, why is that no Jewish community believed in the Trinity either? If this verse is a proof of the Trinity since it says “the lord said to my lord” then why weren’t there any Jews who looked at this verse and said “ah yes God is obviously a trinity or a binary”?

Surely if this verse called the Messiah God, and showed a Trinity, then we would’ve expected to find mass numbers of Jewish communities preaching such a belief, yet we find nothing of the sort, it’s virtually zero when we try to find results of this, it doesn’t exist. 

 

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